Gastroenterology Specialists in New Jersey

胃食管反流病,也称为GERD,在美国很常见. 天博体育app官方入口 20% of the population experiences this condition. 引起胃食管反流的某些原因是可以避免的,而且治疗方法也很普遍. 天博体育app官方入口的熟练和富有同情心的消化病学专家, with offices across northern New Jersey, 是用来治疗各种肠道和消化系统疾病的吗, including GERD and 胃酸倒流.

What is GERD?

Close-up of 胃 with person making heart symbol over 胃胃反流病是一种疾病,部分消化的食物和天然酸在胃中渗出到 食道胃是将食物和液体从口腔输送到胃的长管. This malfunction happens because the lower esophageal sphincter, which opens into the 胃, 意外地打开足够让胃内容物回到食道, 喉咙, and sometimes mouth. This process can evoke a foul taste. 它还会在消化道产生不舒服的腹胀或灼热感, which are not equipped to handle 胃 acids.

Many people often confuse GERD with 胃酸倒流. Fundamentally, 胃酸倒流 is the same malfunction as GERD. 然而, whereas 胃酸倒流 is a temporary ailment, GERD is chronic, occurring at least twice a week over many consecutive weeks. 它可能不仅仅是由辛辣的食物或压力引起的,如果不加以检查或医学诊断,可能会导致进一步的问题.

What Are GERD Symptoms?

GERD often feels like heartburn, 哪种药会在胸部中部向喉咙方向产生不舒服的烧灼感. Other major symptoms of GERD include:

  • 恶心想吐
  • Pain swallowing
  • Chronic cough
  • 胸部疼痛
  • Loss of appetite
  • Persistent vomiting

If these types of symptoms are continual, a gastroenterologist or medical specialist should be consulted.

What Are the Risk Factors for GERD?

Several risk factors are associated with GERD. These include:

  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Pregnancy and excessive pressure on the abdomen
  • 经常吃导致胃pH值不平衡的食物,如乳制品、辛辣食品或油炸食品
  • Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
  • 某些治疗睡眠、血压、哮喘和抑郁症的药物

患有裂孔疝的人也更容易患胃反流病, 因为内脏容易在腹腔周围移位. These shifts can strain the esophageal sphincter, forcing it open and enabling acid to be released upward. People over 40 years of age are also more prone to developing GERD.

How Is GERD Diagnosed?

GERD can be diagnosed at Bergen Medical Associates in various ways. 在一般情况下, 诊断方法是仔细记录患者的病史,并使用以下医疗工具帮助确定胃食管反流病, ruling out any other conditions. The tools and tests for GERD include:

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Biopsy

An endoscope or long tube is tracked through the 食道, 胃, and duodenum to examine their status. A tissue biopsy may be taken and tested for signs of GERD.

Upper Gastrointestinal X-Ray Series


pH Monitoring

两种类型的测试-食管pH值和阻抗测试和无线食管pH值测试-可以帮助检测患者在24至48小时内的pH值水平. In both cases, 一个监测器被插入病人的胃中,用来测量病人的pH值, as she or he eats and sleeps under normal circumstances.

Esophageal Manometry

这个测试检查食道将食物送入胃的能力. A small flexible tube is inserted into the nose, 当病人进食时,试管的传感器测量括约肌的力量.

What Are GERD Treatment Options?

有多种非侵入性的方法来治疗胃食管反流并防止其复发. 可以通过改变一些生活方式来降低患这种疾病的可能性或将其影响降至最低. 这些改变可以从调整饮食开始,避免或减少某些食物和饮料的数量, 如:

  • 乳制品
  • 巧克力
  • Tomato sauces and other acidic sauces
  • Garlic and onions
  • Alcohol, caffeinated tea, coffee, and carbonated drinks
  • Citrus fruits

Avoiding foods and drinks that are spicy, 炸, 高脂肪的, 也建议尽量减少患胃反流症的风险. In addition, patients with GERD can reduce symptoms by:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating small, more frequent meals
  • Ceasing smoking
  • Sitting and staying upright while eating and for an hour after
  • 在躺下睡觉前至少三小时不吃东西
  • Wearing clothing that doesn’t tightly hug the waistline
  • Raising the head of the bed six to eight inches above the base

胃肠病学家可能建议服用非处方或处方药来缓解胃食管反流症状. These medicines include:

  • 抗酸药
  • H-2 receptor blockers
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Other prescription drugs

If these first lines of defense are not working, minimally invasive surgeries, 如腹腔镜抗反流手术或LINX装置植入, may be options. LINX设备是放置在食管下括约肌周围的校准磁铁的小环, to prevent reflux.

Find Comprehensive Care at Bergen Medical Associates

天博体育app官方入口提供一个经验丰富的委员会认证的胃肠病学家和医疗天博体育app官方入口人员团队,以帮助诊断和治疗胃食管反流病. 我们很高兴在我们方便的时候成为全面护理的领导者 位置 所有胃肠道疾病和病症,如胃食管反流病和 irritable bowel syndrome. For more information, request an appointment or 联系 我们今天.