Irritable bowel syndrome is a common gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits (e.g. 便秘、腹泻或两者皆有). Patients with conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome can find comprehensive care from the board-certified 胃肠病学 新泽西州卑尔根医学协会的团队. The physicians at 天博体育app官方入口 work collaboratively to deliver personalized care and ensure the best possible outcome for each patient.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of related symptoms that affect a person’s digestive system. IBS is typically characterized by abdominal pain, cramps, changes in bowel habits, and frequent gas. 虽然肠易激综合征很不舒服，但它很常见:据 估计 大约12%的人患有肠易激综合征 在美国.
IBS is sometimes confused with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the two are quite different. 医生将肠易激综合征归类为功能性胃肠疾病, 这意味着正常的肠道功能会受到影响. 与此形成鲜明对比的是, IBD is a group of diseases (including 克罗恩氏病 and ulcerative colitis) that cause chronic inflammation in the intestines. IBD, unlike IBS, can be detected on a colonoscopy or imaging test and can require surgery. IBS is not a cause of IBD and having IBS does not put patients at greater risk of developing IBD.
- 肠易激综合征伴便秘(IBS- c)
- 肠易激综合征伴腹泻(IBS- d)
- 肠易激综合征伴混合排便习惯(IBS- m)
Treatment plans may be tailored to the patient’s most prevalent symptoms.
Signs of IBS can vary from patient to patient, but common symptoms include:
A diagnosis of IBS is typically indicated when these symptoms are present for at least three days per month, 超过三个月或以上.
Certain patients are more likely to develop this condition than others. 肠易激综合征的危险因素包括:
- 遗传学: 有肠易激综合征家族史的患者风险更大.
- 年龄: 肠易激综合征在50岁以下的患者中最常见.
- 性别: IBS在女性患者中比男性患者更常见.
- 医疗和精神健康史: Patients who have experienced anxiety, depression, or abuse are more likely to have IBS.
While it is not clear what causes IBS, certain triggers can cause IBS symptoms to flare up. Some patients find their IBS symptoms are worse when they are under a great deal of stress. 其他人发现某些食物, 比如小麦, 乳制品, 或者碳酸饮料, 使他们的肠易激综合症更严重.
对于肠易激综合征没有明确的诊断测试. 如果患者报告持续的肠易激综合征症状, their doctor will typically begin with a complete physical examination and medical history to rule out other types of inflammatory bowel disease and related conditions. 他们可能会安排以下测试:
- 成像: Patients may have a CT scan or an ultrasound if their doctor suspects their symptoms are caused by ulcerative colitis, 克罗恩氏病, 或者感染.
- 粪便研究: 大便培养可以检查感染或疾病.
- 血液工作: Blood tests can help rule out conditions like anemia or celiac disease
- Breath tests: Breath tests can help evaluate for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and some specific dietary intolerances.
- 结肠镜检查: This test may be recommended if a patient’s symptoms are potentially due to inflammatory bowel disease or colon cancer.
Many patients manage IBS with both lifestyle changes and medication. 饮食改变可以帮助缓解肠易激综合征症状，包括:
戒烟, 定期锻炼, and practicing meditation or relaxation techniques may also help reduce IBS flare-ups. Some patients benefit from over-the-counter or prescription medications to help with constipation, 腹泻, 或者腹痛. A doctor may recommend prescription medications based on whether a patient has IBS-C, IBS-D, 或IBS-M.
在天博体育app官方入口, a board-certified team of primary care physicians and gastroenterologists offers coordinated care for patients with IBS and other types of inflammatory bowel disease. Taking a comprehensive approach to patient care, 天博体育app官方入口’ 从业人员 treat patients at every stage of health and offer multiple specialties under one roof. 天博体育app官方入口 serves patients throughout New Jersey and has multiple 办公室的位置. 欲了解更多信息， 请求预约 今天.